Hair dyeing is a procedure that women have been doing for centuries. If most women now use chemical dyes, natural substances such as henna were used before.
Henna is a powder derived from the leaves of a shrub, which grows in tropical climates. Its origin is divided into Indian, Sudanese, Egyptian, Iranian and Yemeni. Sudanese and Yemeni gives a brighter shade due to the increased content of dyeing substances in it.
Composition and useful properties of the henna
Dyeing ability it received because of the content of dyes and tannins in it, in addition, it contains substances that favourably affect the condition of hair:
- Chlorophyll is a substance that gives the shrub a green colour. It is a strong antioxidant, which rejuvenates and has a beneficial effect on the scalp as a whole.
- Henotanic acid is the main colouring agent. In different types of henna, it’s content – from 1 to 4%. It is it that gives a fiery shade of hair and the more quennotanic acid, the brighter the colour will be when dyeing. It also has tanning and antibacterial properties. Thanks to what it removes inflammation of the scalp, reduces the amount of dandruff and strengthens the hair.
- Polysaccharides – moisturize the skin and normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands.
- Pectins – absorb toxins, reduce the fat content of the hair. In addition, pectins envelop each hair, resulting in a visually more dense and voluminous hair.
- Resins – make the curls shiny and silky.
- Essential oils and vitamins – tone up, improve blood circulation and the condition of the scalp in general, which has a positive effect on the condition of the hair.
Traditionally, the henna was designed to dye hair red, it is called red. However, now on sale is the henna, which can dye hair in different colours.
Basic shades: Burgundy, black, chestnut, white. In addition, colourless henna is sold, from which the dye has been removed. It is used as a strengthening mask.
All these colours are obtained by mixing henna and Basma powder in different proportions. This is indicated on the packaging of the product. Exceptions: white henna, which is a clarifying agent.
Advantages and disadvantages of henna dyeing
- Doesn’t hurt your hair. Henna is a herbal remedy, it does not have a negative effect on the hair shaft.
- Low price – cheaper than dyeing chemicals.
- No special skills are required when using.
- Allows you to achieve a stable and bright colour.
- Improves the condition of the hair.
- The dye penetrates deeply into the structure of the hair, which can adversely affect the colour of the strands in the subsequent colouring of the paint.
- Grass powder is difficult to wash out with water, which may result in a heterogeneous colour.
- Strongly stains grey and discoloured curls.
- Some people may have allergic reactions.
- It is impossible to predict the final colour of the henna staining. It depends not only on the initial colour but also on the type of henna, the quality of the drug, ageing time and the individual reaction of the body.
- If used frequently, it dries hair.
How to get different shades
Hna + bass
The simplest option is to add bass powder to the henna powder. Depending on the proportion, you can get a different hair colour.
Depending on the initial factors, the shade obtained may differ from person to person. For example, the thinner the hair, the brighter the colour. The original colour of the strands is very important – when dyeing dark hair with pure henna, only a reddish shade will be obtained. But if you dye your blonde hair with it, it will turn red.
In addition to bass, you can also add other substances to create different shades.
There are several ways to get a golden hue:
- Hnu dilute a strong infusion of chamomile: 1 tbsp. l. dry chamomile pours 50 ml. boiling water and melt for 30 minutes. Decoction does not have to be filtered. The chamomile moisturizes and has an anti-inflammatory effect on the scalp.
- The powder of turmeric or saffron is mixed with henna in a ratio of 1:1. These spices are strong antiseptics and antioxidants, which has a strengthening effect on the hair.
- The golden colour increases with acidity, so the henna powder can be diluted with kefir, sour cream or rhubarb decoction. With this method of hair dyeing will gain a special shine, as a slightly acidic solution washes away the mineral film formed during washing with water.
A chocolate shade can be obtained by mixing henna with coffee, ground cinnamon or walnut shell infusion.
- Hannah with ground cinnamon is mixed in a ratio of 1:1.
- There are several ways to mix with coffee: 1. You can mix 2 tbsp of ground coffee and 1 tbsp of henna and dilute the mixture with hot water. 2.A strong infusion of coffee – 1 tbsp per 100 ml of boiling water and dilute a bag of paint can be prepared. Both methods are quite effective.
- Nutshell infusion can be prepared by pouring 2 tablespoons of ground shells with a glass of water, bring to a boil, and then melt for 40 minutes. The resulting infusion to dilute the powder henna. The same result gives the paint dilution with strong tea.
All these substances contain tannins, which have drying properties, which helps to normalize the activity of sebaceous glands, reduce the amount of dandruff.
To get a reddish shade of henna you need to dilute it with beetroot juice, red wine, infusion of cockade tea or mix it with cocoa powder in equal shares. In addition to the red shade, these components improve the condition of the hair, as they are rich in vitamins and nutrients.
There is no exact proportion of infusions in henna breeding. It is diluted infusions until it produces thick porridge. Depending on the moisture content of the henna, the amount of additional ingredient may vary.
Many authors advise to cook for breeding broths, but this is not entirely true. When boiling, vitamins are destroyed, essential oils are released, so instead of potions, it is better to prepare infusions.
- The duration of henna maturation depends on the colour of the hair. When staining, it varies from 30 minutes to 2 hours, and when staining from 5 to 30 minutes. The lighter and thinner the hair, the less time it takes.
- Since henna slightly dries hair, it is not recommended to use it more than once a month. Before reapplying it for a month, you should make a moisturizing mask.
- Shampoos and balms should not be used for a stable colour for 3 days after staining. This is due to the fact that the dyeing substance henna reacts negatively to alkali.
- If the colour is undesirable after painting, you can try to rinse it off. To do this, it is necessary to lubricate the curls with heated vegetable oil, leave them for 10 minutes and then wash them with soap. If necessary, repeat the procedure. The colour will become less bright, but it is unlikely that it will be completely washed away.
How to choose the right henna
To avoid unpleasant surprises, you need to know how to choose it correctly. There are several rules that you can rely on to make a good purchase.
Choosing a place to buy. It is best to buy henna in specialized cosmetics stores and Ayurvedic shops. In the street trays or markets, the product is not always certified, besides, it is exposed to temperature fluctuations, which adversely affects its properties.
Shelf life. Expired henna won’t hurt the hair, but the resulting colour can be unexpected.
Price. The very cheap powder can turn out to be of low quality, resulting in bad hair dyeing.